Genetics I: Genes, Mutations, and Inheritance (by MedTech ExPress Continuing Education)

2.5 P.A.C.E. contact hour(s)

(based on 2 customer ratings)

MedTech ExPress Continuing Education, LLC

Intermediate.
This program begins with a basic review of cell structure, organelles, and genes. The foundations of genetic function and dysfunction, as well as the steps of cell division and genetic control are described. Both inherited and acquired genetic mutations are explained, as well as how individual types effect health. Common patterns of inheritance are also explored in some detail, followed by discussions of reduced penetrance, variable expressivity, genomic imprinting, and uniparental disomy.

See more courses in: Cytogenetics; Molecular Pathology

Included In These Course Packages

Continuing Education Credits

P.A.C.E.® Contact Hours (acceptable for AMT, ASCP, and state recertification) (MedTech ExPress): 2.5 hour(s)
Course number 301-102-16, approved through 8/31/2018
Course number 20-443007, approved through 8/31/2018

Objectives

  • define and describe a gene’s cytogenetic location.
  • describe the functions of specific cell organelles.
  • describe the processes involved in genetic replication.
  • describe mitochondrial DNA genes and their functions.
  • define specific terms used in the study of genetics, and statistical terms as they relate to genetic disorders.
  • understand the processes involved in ATP production.
  • identify degrees of relationship within a family, and their importance in an individual’s own health.
  • recognize specific genetic diseases and the causative disorder they result from.
  • describe various types of genetic mutations, their causes and effects.
  • explain the processes of gene expression and epigenomic modification.

Customer Ratings

(based on 2 customer ratings)

Course Outline

  • Cells and DNA
    • Cells, genes, and chromosomes
      • What is a cell?
    • Human cells contain the following major parts, listed in alphabetical order:
      • Cytoplasm-
      • Cytoskeleton-
      • Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)-
      • Golgi apparatus-
      • Lysosomes and Peroxisomes-
      • Mitochondria-
      • Nucleus-
      • Plasma membrane-
      • Ribosomes-
    • What is DNA?
      • What is DNA?
    • What is mitochondrial DNA?
      • What is Mitochondrial DNA?
    • What is a gene?
      • What is a Gene?
    • What is a chromosome?
      • Chromosomes
    • How many chromosomes do people have?
      • Autosomes
  • How Genes Work
    • Proteins, cell growth, and cell division:
      • What are proteins and what do they do?
    • Examples of protein functions
      • Antibody-
      • Enzyme-
      • Messenger-
      • Structural component-
      • Transport/storage-
    • How do genes direct the production of proteins?
      • How do genes direct the production of proteins?
      • Transcription and Translation
    • Can genes be turned on and off in cells?
      • Gene Regulation
    • What is the epigenome?
      • Epigenetic changes
    • A common type of epigenetic modification is called methylation.
      • A common type of epigenetic modification is called Methylation
  • How Cells Divide
    • There are two types of cell division: mitosis and meiosis.
      • How Cells Divide
    • How do genes control the growth and division of cells?
      • How do genes control the growth and division of cells?
      • Apoptosis-
      • Final stage of Apoptosis-
      • Genetic mutation and Cancer development-
    • How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene?
      • How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene?
      • Cytogenetic location
      • The chromosome on which the gene can be found:
      • Sometimes, the abbreviations “cen” or “ter” are also used to describe a gene’s cytogenetic location:
      • Molecular location
      • What are gene families?
  • Mutations and Health
    • What is a gene mutation and how do mutations occur?
      • Mutations and Health
      • What is a gene mutation and how do mutations occur?
      • How can gene mutations affect health and development?
    • Do all gene mutations affect health and development?
      • Do all gene mutations affect health and development?
      • Do all gene mutations affect health and development?
    • What kinds of gene mutations are possible?
      • The DNA sequence of a gene can be altered in a number of ways.
      • Missense mutation-
      • Nonsense mutation-
      • Insertion mutation-
      • Deletion mutation-
      • Duplication mutation-
      • Frameshift mutation-
      • Repeat expansion mutation-
    • Can a change in the number of genes affect health and development?
      • Can a change in the number of genes affect health and development?
      • Aneuploidy-
      • Trisomy-
      • Monosomy-
      • Triploidy-
      • Mosaicism-
    • Can changes in the structure of chromosomes affect health and development?
      • Can changes in the structure of chromosomes affect health and development?
      • Translocation-
      • Deletion-
      • Duplication-
      • Inversion-
      • Isochromosomes-
      • Dicentric chromosome-
      • Ring Chromosome-
    • Many cancer cells also have changes in their chromosome structure.
      • Can changes in mitochondrial DNA affect health and development?
      • Conditions caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA often involve multiple organ systems.
      • What are complex or multifactorial disorders?
      • What does it mean to have a genetic predisposition to a disease?
      • What information about a genetic condition can statistics provide?
  • Common Statistical Terms
    • Common Statistical Terms
      • Common Statistical Terms
      • Common Statistical Terms
      • Common Statistical Terms
      • Common Statistical Terms
    • How are genetic conditions and genes named?
      • How are genetic conditions and genes named?
      • Disorder names are often derived from one or a combination of sources:
      • Naming genes
      • What does it mean if a disorder seems to run in my family?
      • Why is it important to know my family medical history?
      • Why is it important to know my family medical history?
  • Patterns of Inheritance
    • What are the different ways in which a genetic condition can be inherited?
      • Patterns of Inheritance: Autosomal dominant
      • Patterns of Inheritance: Autosomal recessive
      • Patterns of Inheritance: X-linked dominant
      • Patterns of Inheritance: X-linked recessive
      • Patterns of Inheritance: Codominant
      • Patterns of Inheritance: Mitochondrial
    • Why is it important to know my family medical history?
      • Why is it important to know my family medical history?
      • If a genetic disorder runs in my family, what are the chances that my children will have the condition?
      • Autosomal recessive inheritance
      • X-linked dominant inheritance
      • X-linked recessive inheritance
      • Codominant inheritance
      • Mitochondrial inheritance
  • Common Questions in Genetics
    • Why is it important to know my family medical history?
      • Common Questions in Genetics
    • What are reduced penetrance and variable expressivity?
      • Common Questions in Genetics
    • What do geneticists mean by anticipation?
      • Common Questions in Genetics
    • What are genomic imprinting and uniparental disomy?
      • Common Questions in Genetics
      • Common Questions in Genetics
    • Are chromosomal disorders inherited?
      • Common Questions in Genetics
    • Why are some genetic conditions more common in particular ethnic groups?
      • Common Questions in Genetics

Additional Information

CE Credits: 2.50
ASCLS P.A.C.E.® Course #301-102-16
Florida Board of Clinical Laboratory Science, Course #20-443007
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Category: Molecular Pathology / Cytogenetics
Exam: Directly follows course material
12 questions out of a pool of 16
70% correct to receive credit(s)

MedTech ExPress Continuing Education, LLC is approved as a provider of continuing education programs in the clinical laboratory sciences by the ASCLS P.A.C.E.® Program.
 

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nci-vol-2323-300 edited


Messenger


Chromosome


X-linked dominant, mother2


Missense mutation


Ring chromosome


Mitosis and meiosis


MTE helix



 
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