Risk Management in the Clinical Laboratory (by LabCE)

1 P.A.C.E. contact hour(s)

(based on 875 customer ratings)

Author: Garland E. Pendergraph, PhD, JD, MLS(ASCP)SM, HCLD/CC(ABB)
Reviewer: Edward J. Gruber, MT(ASCP), CLS(NCA)

Course provided by LabCE.

In 1999 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published a study entitled "To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System." Its estimate of the number of deaths and adverse outcomes caused by medical errors sent shockwaves throughout the healthcare community as well as the general population. Perhaps for the first time members of the healthcare community began to seriously look at the way healthcare is delivered and how the process could be improved to enhance patient safety.

Thus, one of the most beneficial results from the IOM study was that hospital workers and other healthcare providers realized that they urgently needed to fully and more effectively incorporate "risk" as a crucial component of their management.

This course discusses the ways that risk can be detected and managed, both within the healthcare facility and specifically within the laboratory. Several tools are presented for proactively and reactively responding to situations affecting patient safety.

See more courses in: Laboratory Safety

Included In These Course Packages

Continuing Education Credits

P.A.C.E.® Contact Hours (acceptable for AMT, ASCP, and state recertification): 1 hour(s)
Course number 578-019-18, approved through 6/30/2020
Florida Board of Clinical Laboratory Personnel Credit Hours - Supervision/Administration, Quality Control/Quality Assurance, and Safety: 1 hour(s)
Course number 20-625857, approved through 9/1/2020

Objectives

  • Define "risk" and discuss why risk management is important in healthcare.
  • Identify laboratory and hospital accrediting bodies and regulations that impact laboratory risk management.
  • Identify risk management concerns associated with the laboratory's preanalytic, analytic, and postanalytic phases of testing.
  • Describe some of the tools used in risk management processes.

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(based on 875 customer ratings)

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Course Outline

  • Introduction to Risk Management
      • Introduction to Risk Management
      • Introduction to Risk Management, continued
      • Definitions of Risk and Risk Management
      • Why Manage Risk?
  • Phases of testing and risk exposures
      • Risk Assessment
      • Preanalytic Phase
      • Analytic Phase
      • Postanalytic Phase
  • The risk management process
      • Introduction to the Risk Management Process
    • Identify and analyze loss exposure
      • Risk Management
      • Model of Accident Causation
      • Root Cause Analysis (RCA)
      • Team Approach
      • Mapping the Process
      • The Flowchart
      • Five Whys
      • The Fishbone Diagram
      • Examining Alternative Risk Management Treatments
      • Select the Best Risk Management Treatment(s)
      • Errors Related to Risk Management
    • Monitor and improve risk management treatment(s)
      • Monitor and Improve Risk Management Treatment(s)
      • Failure Mode and Effect Analysis
    • External laboratory assessment as a risk management tool
      • Accrediting Organizations
      • Accrediting Organizations: The Joint Commission
      • Accrediting Organizations: The College of American Pathologists
      • Accrediting Organizations: COLA (Formerly Commission on Laboratory Accreditation)
      • Accrediting Organizations: The American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA)
  • Risk management and employment practices liability
      • Introduction to Risk Management and Employment Practices Liability
      • Pre-Employment Screening
      • Employee Performance Evaluation
  • Healthcare standards and regulations
      • Federal Regulations for Risk Management
      • Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA)
      • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
      • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
      • Safe Medical Devices Act of 1990 (SMDA)
      • The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005
      • State Regulations for Risk Management
  • Legal concerns and risk management
      • Legal Concerns and Risk Management
  • References and Recommended Reading
      • References and Recommended Reading

Additional Information

Level of instruction: Intermediate

Intended audience: Medical laboratory professionals
Author information: Garland E. Pendergraph, PhD, JD, MLS(ASCP)SM, HCLD/CC(ABB) received his MSPH from the University of Kentucky in Lexington, his PhD in medical parasitology and mycology from the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, and his law degree with a concentration in health care law from Concord Law School, Purdue University. He also did a Fellowship in Tropical Medicine at Louisiana State University School of Medicine. He is the author of a textbook in phlebotomy, a number of scientific articles, plus internet training programs. He is licensed as a laboratory director in the States of Georgia and Florida.
Reviewer information: Edward J. Gruber, MT(ASCP), CLS(NCA) held the position of Technical Specialist in the laboratory accreditation program (LAP) of the College of American Pathologists for 13 years before his retirement from that position in 2007. He was the primary technical specialist for handling participant inquiries related to anatomic pathology, cytopathology, and immunohistochemistry. He also worked as a technologist at Lutheran General Hospital prior to and during his time at CAP. Mr Gruber is currently pursuing a Master's degree in training and development from Roosevelt University.
Course description: Risk Management is an important discipline for medical laboratory professionals as it is our responsibility to understand and follow the vast number of rules and regulations governing our profession.

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Course provided by LabCE.
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The “Swiss Cheese” Model of Accident Causation

Source: Reason J, Carthey J, deLeval M. Diagnosing “vulnerable system syndrome”: An essential prerequisite to effective risk management. Qual Health Care, 2001; 10(Suppl. II):ii21–ii25. Reprinted with permission of the BMJ Publishing Group.
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www.opm.gov/hrd/lead/images/diverse.jpg (4-1-10)


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